PorterGeo New Search GoBack Geology References
Main commodities: Au

Our Global Perspective
Series books include:
Click Here
Super Porphyry Cu and Au

Click Here
IOCG Deposits - 70 papers
All papers now Open Access.
Available as Full Text for direct download or on request.
The Morila deposit is located in southern Mali, some 180 km ESE of the capital Bamako, and 600 km ESE of Sadiola.

The Morila deposit lies within the West Africa Craton, hosted by Palaeoproterozoic Birimian volcano-sedimentary rocks of the the Massigui region of Mali, between the Kalana-Yanfolila and Syama volcano-sedimentary belts.   These Birimian rocks represent juvenile volcanic terranes developed adjacent to and over the Archaean Man (Liberian) craton. They were emplaced over a prolonged (2098 to 2065 Ma) period of magmatism during the late stages of the Eburnean orogeny.

The Massigui region is characterised by Birrimian meta-volcanic and meta-sediment sequences intruded by a large Eburnian granitoid batholith. The batholith comprises i). a homogeneous potassic, pink leucogranite (Massigui type) to the east of the Morila deposit and ii). an older phase comprising a group of biotite granites (Doubalokoro suite) to the west and south of the deposit. The principal regional structure is the 50 km wide, NNE-SSW trending Banifin shear zone which strikes for some 200 km through southern Mali and northern Cote d'Ivoire. This shear zone largely follows the contact between the two grantoid suites described above and contains deformed volcano-sedimentary formations which have been intruded by the granitoid plutons.

The Morila mineralisation is hosted by a large enclave of deformed sediments within a granodiorite batholith, close to the northwest oriented contact of the batholith. Exposure is extremely poor with only 3 outcrops in the mine area. The metasediments are metagreywacke and metavolcaniclastic rocks with minor metapelitic layers that have been metamorphosed to lower amphibolite facies and probably represent original sandstones and siltstones with a volcanic component. Much of the gold in the deposit is localised in a discontinuous, folded zone of hornfelsed biotite schist that is more strongly foliated than the adjacent unmineralized rocks. The southern limit of the orebody is terminated against a granodiorite stock, while the mineralised package is intruded by pegmatites and numerous sills and dykes of diorite and granodiorite.

In regionally equivalent rocks surrounding the deposit, well-preserved way-up indicators such as fining-upward sequences, turbiditic scours, and rare crossbedding are locally well preserved and provide evidence for a complexly folded stratigraphic sequence that includes a series of upright to overturned folds dissected by steep brittle faults.

The shallowly NE plunging orebody, which is over 850 m long, has been subjected to polyphase deformation, including folding, shearing, thrusting and normal faulting, with NW, NE and east-west trends. The pelites show a subtle alignment of biotite, while the psammites are massive without a foliation.

Visible gold at Morila is associated with variably deformed polymineralic veins, occurring as a quartz-sulphide stockwork and disseminated arsenopyrite hosted in an intrusive contact zone. Up to 60% of the gold is free and can be recovered by gravity. The ore zone is enveloped by silica-feldspar alteration, which includes an array of foliation parallel and folded silica-feldspar veins. The ore assemblage includes gold associated with predominantly arsenopyrite / loellingite and pyrrhotite. Smaller quantities (<5% of opaques) comprise chalcopyrite, pyrite and ilmenite, while minor galena, molybdenite and fahlore (tetrahedrite-tennantite) are sporadically evident. Gold is either free and interstitial to the main silicates of biotite, plagioclase (andesine), silica and muscovite, or is attached to the sulphides. Less commonly minor amounts are within arsenpoyrite grains and occassionally within pyrite and pyrrhotite.

Early formed mineralisation is contained within a zone of hornblende hornfels contact metamorphism and is spatially associated with syn- to post-D2 emplacement of 2098 to 2091 Ma quartz-diorite, granodiorite and leucogranite magmas. Immiscible Au-Sb-Bi-Te blebs within sills or dykes associated with gold mineralisation implies a linkage with granitic magmatism. This early intrusion-related phase was overprinted by a post-D2 stage of hydrothermal alteration reflected by sulphidation along a NNE-trending zone of disseminated idioblastic arsenopyrite porphyroblasts that contain polygonal gold blebs. Silicate alteration (U-Pb dated at 2074±14 Ma) accompanying this stage includes albitisation of plagioclase and the growth of randomly distributed biotite and titanite, the latter typically surrounding ilmenite.

In 1996 the Morila deposit was discovered by Randgold Resources in 1996. A positive pre-feasibility study in 1998 was followed by work on a bankable feasibility study. In 2000 AngloGold entered into a joint venture on the project and purchased 40% of the mine, and also became the operator of the mine. Construction commenced in late 1999 and the first gold was poured in late 2000. The mine was operated by AngloGold, which became AngloGold Ashanti in 2004 for the Morila S.A., joint venture owned by Randgold (40%), AngloGold Ashanti (40%) and the Government of Mali (20%). Randgold took over the operation of the Morila mine in February 2008. In 2009, Morila was converted to a stockpile treatment operation. Closure of the operation, originally scheduled for 2013, was extended to 2019 by a pit pushback and tailings treatment project. In 2020, the operation was acquired by the ASX listed Firefinch Limited who have continued and expanded operations.

The total resource in 2001 was estimated to be just over 185 t (5.6 Moz) of contained gold, comprising 1 Mt @ 6.7 g/t Au as free digging oxide ore, followed by sulphide ore averaging 4.35 g/t Au, together comprising a resource of 33.5 Mt @ 5.5 g/t Au.

Remaining resources and reserves at 31 December, 2010, were (Randgold Resources website, 2012):
  Both Probable reserves and Measured + Indicated resources - 12.55 Mt @ 1.39 /t Au
  Inferred resources - 1.95 Mt @ 0.79 /t Au.

Remaining resources and reserves at 31 December, 2016, were (AngloGold Ashanti Ore Reserve and Mineral Resources report, 2016):
  Probable Ore Reserve - 6.18 Mt @ 0.55 g/t Au for 3.37 tonnes of contained gold;
  Indicated + Inferred Mineral Resources - 9.08 Mt @ 0.58 g/t Au for 5.3 tonnes of contained gold.

Remaining JORC compliant Ore Reserves and Mineral Resources as of 31 March, 2022 (Firefinch Limited website viewed August, 2022), were:
Probable Ore Reserve at the Morila Pit (0.43 g/t Au cut-off ); N'Tiola (0.51 g/t Au cut-off); Viper and Koting (0.49 g/t Au cut-off)
  23.8 Mt @ 1.4 g/t Au for 33 tonnes of contained gold.
Indicated + Inferred Mineral Resources at the Morila Pit (0.43 g/t Au cut-off ); Morila NE and Samacline (1.8 g/t Au cut-off ); Morila 5 Pit, N'Tiola, Viper and Koting (0.35 to 0.50 g/t Au cut-off); and Damba (0.50 g/t Au cut-off):
  50.62 Mt @ 1.52 g/t Au for 77 tonnes of contained gold.

The deposit is quoted on the Randgold Resources (1916) database as having contained 233 t (7.5 Moz) of gold.

For details consult the reference(s) listed below.

The most recent source geological information used to prepare this decription was dated: 2001.    
This description is a summary from published sources, the chief of which are listed below.
© Copyright Porter GeoConsultancy Pty Ltd.   Unauthorised copying, reproduction, storage or dissemination prohibited.


  References & Additional Information
   Selected References:
Anonymous  2000 - Joint Announcement by Anglogold and Randgold Resources: in    Press Release, 5 April 2000    5p
Anonymous  1999 - Randgold Resources Mali: in    Mining Magazine, May 1999    pp RSA12-15
Anonymous  1999 - Morila: in    Register of African Gold 1999/2000    p128
Bristow DM, Reading DJ  2001 - Morila - a company maker product of foucused strategy and applied commercial science: in Yates K (Ed.), 2001 NewGenGold 2001, Conference Proceedings AMF, Adelaide    pp 57-76
Foster R P  1999 - Destination Africa: New Frontiers, New Mineral Exploration Opportunities: in   African Mining: Exploration and Investment Opportunities Conference, Perth, Australia: 16-17 November, 1999 AJM, Sydney    pp 1-11
McFarlane C R M, Mavrogenes J, Lentz D, King K, Allibone A and Holcombe R,  2011 - Geology and Intrusion-Related Affinity of the Morila Gold Mine, Southeast Mali : in    Econ. Geol.   v.106 pp. 727-750

Porter GeoConsultancy Pty Ltd (PorterGeo) provides access to this database at no charge.   It is largely based on scientific papers and reports in the public domain, and was current when the sources consulted were published.   While PorterGeo endeavour to ensure the information was accurate at the time of compilation and subsequent updating, PorterGeo, its employees and servants:   i). do not warrant, or make any representation regarding the use, or results of the use of the information contained herein as to its correctness, accuracy, currency, or otherwise; and   ii). expressly disclaim all liability or responsibility to any person using the information or conclusions contained herein.

Top     |     Search Again     |     PGC Home     |       Terms & Conditions

PGC Logo
Porter GeoConsultancy Pty Ltd
 Ore deposit database
 Conferences & publications
 International Study Tours
     Tour photo albums
PGC Publishing
 Our books and their contents
     Iron oxide copper-gold series
     Super-porphyry series
     Porphyry & Hydrothermal Cu-Au
 Ore deposit literature
 What's new
 Site map